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TEER Measurement

TEER Measurement

EVOM is the leading range of TEER meters. They provide a reliable method to confirm the integrity and permeability of the monolayer.

WPI pioneered the production of TEER (Trans Epithelial Electrical Resistance) measurement equipment in the 1980s and is still innovating new equipment for cell researchers.


TEER Measurement Equipment

EVOM TEER Measurement Basic Working Principle

What is TEER?

Transepithelial Electrical Resistance (TEER) is a widely used technique in the life sciences fields and therapeutic development. It measures the electrical resistance across a cell monolayer, providing information about the integrity and functionality of epithelial barriers. TEER has proven to be a valuable tool in various fields, including drug absorption studies, tissue engineering, and disease modeling. TEER measurement is non-invasive so can be used to monitor live cells during their various stages of growth and differentiation.

TEER of a cellular layer is the inverse presentation of the electrical conductance through the cellular layer. A high TEER value of the cellular layer is indicative of an intact cellular monolayer and suggests low or restricted permeability of ions and molecules (i.e., low conductance). Similarly, a decrease in the TEER value suggests a compromised barrier function and indicates increased permeability. Tissue permeability studies require a confluent cellular layer, and TEER measurement is generally used to confirm the formation of a confluent monolayer. 

Initially, 24 hours after cells seeding on the transwell, TEER values are generally low, because the current passes can pass easily between the cells. Over time, the cells multiply and start covering the gaps. Finally, a confluent cellular monolayer is formed. At that point the permeable membrane is fully covered with cells and does not allow easy passage of electrical current. This results in a high TEER value.

TEER Value Calculation

TEER is a normalized value of resistance per 1 square centimeter of unit area. To compute TEER, multiply the measured resistance by the surface area listed below. For example, a 6.6 mm insert measures 1707 Ω, the TEER is 1707 Ω * 0.331 or 505 Ω.

  • 6 well plate (24 mm inserts) 4.53 cm2
  • 12 well plate (12 mm inserts) 1.13 cm2
  • 24 well plate (6.5 mm inserts) 0.3316 cm2
  • 96 well plate (4.3 mm inserts) 0.145 cm2

TEER Measurement In Epithelial Cell Research

In epithelial cell research, there are different types of cells which are typically cultured. Epithelial tissue lines the surface and cavities of an organ. Epithelium includes your skin tissue, but it also lines the alimentary canal, organs and blood vessels. Epithelial cell cultures may be used for drug discovery or other applications that explore the transport or diffusion of a substance through an epithelial monolayer. Such a tissue research study requires a confluent monolayer that completely covers the culture substrate it is grown on.

The in vitro cell culture models of human endothelial and epithelial monolayers are considered as reliable models of the in vivo environments and as such are used for drug toxicity and transport studies. Findings of the in vitro models are also translated to ascertain the metabolic and physiological functions of a particular pharmacological entity. The most commonly used endothelial/ epithelilal in vitro models are:

  • Blood-brain barrier (BBB) model
  • Gastrointestinal tract (GIT) model
  • Pulmonary models (including viral infection model, such as COVID-19)

These are used for understanding the absorption and transport of drugs, as well as associated cytotoxicities in the organs like the central nervous system, intestine, and lungs. These models are either comprised of primary cells or established cell lines. For utilization of these models, the most important feature is to ascertain the capability of cells to form necessary intercellular junctions. Before proceeding with particular drug cytotoxicity or transport, the formation of cellular junctions in these in vitro models is confirmed through a variety of methodologies. This include the permeability of the established barrier to compounds like sucrose having radiolabeled carbon, and lower molecular weight paracellular tracers including inulin, mannitol and albumin.

Besides all the above described methodologies for determining the integrity of an in vitro endothelial/epithelial barriers, transepithelial/transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurements are considered more precise and highly quantitative in nature. More importantly, the TEER measurements are faster, inflicting minimal to no damage to the cells and with nothing being added externally, as the addition of any tracer or radiolabeled compound can potentially an potentially affect cellular physiology of monolayers.

The EVOM™ meters by WPI are a unique TEER measurement systems that are considered highly reliable for evaluating the integrity of in vitro epithelial barrier models including blood-brain barrier, gastrointestinal tract, and pulmonary model.

What are the Benefits of TEER Measurement?

Assessing Epithelial Barrier Function

TEER allows researchers to evaluate the integrity and functionality of endothelial and epithelial barriers, such as the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and blood-brain barriers. By measuring the resistance across these barriers electrically, TEER provides quantitative data on the tightness and permeability of these barriers. This information is crucial for understanding drug absorption, transport mechanisms, and the effects of various compounds on barrier function.

Drug Absorption Studies

TEER is extensively used in drug absorption studies to assess the permeability of drugs across tissue barriers. By measuring TEER before and after drug exposure, researchers can determine the impact of drugs on barrier
integrity and evaluate their potential for absorption into a given tissue. This information aids in drug formulation, optimization, and predicting drug bioavailability.

Tissue Engineering and Cell Culture

TEER is a valuable tool in tissue engineering and cell culture studies. It helps researchers assess the formation and functionality of epithelial cell layers, mimicking in vivo conditions. TEER measurements can guide the optimization of culture conditions, scaffold design, and cell differentiation protocols. Additionally, TEER can be used to monitor the barrier function of tissue-engineered constructs over time, providing insights into their long-term viability and functionality.

Disease Modeling

TEER is an invaluable tool for disease modeling, particularly for studying disorders affecting endothelial and epithelial barriers tissues. Researchers can use TEER to investigate the impact of diseases, pathogens, or toxins on barrier integrity and function. This enables a better understanding of disease mechanisms, identification of potential therapeutic targets, and evaluation of drug efficacy in disease models.

Quality Control in Cell-Based Assays and Cell Therapies

TEER serves as a quality control measure in cell-based assays involving endothelial and epithelial cells. It ensures the consistency and reliability of experimental results by confirming the formation of tight junctions and functional epithelial barriers. TEER measurements can help identify potential issues with cell culture conditions, cell quality, or experimental protocols, ensuring the validity of research findings. Furthermore, TEER is now being implemented as a quantitative quality control measure for certain cell therapies.

TEER Measurement Knowledgebase

Visit our knowledgebase for more technical information 

A good overview of TEER measurement techniques is given in the paper below.
Srinivasan B, Kolli AR, Esch MB, Abaci HE, Shuler ML, Hickman JJ. TEER Measurement Techniques for In Vitro Barrier Model Systems. Journal of Laboratory Automation. 2015;20(2):107-126. doi:10.1177/2211068214561025

 


EVOM™ Auto

EVOM™ Auto

EVOM™ Auto automates measurements of TEER epithelial or endothelial monolayers...

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Accessories For EVOM Manual TEER Meters

Accessories For EVOM Manual TEER Meters

Includes electrodes compatible with the EVOM Manual and  EVOM3

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Accessories For Legacy TEER Meters

Accessories For Legacy TEER Meters

Includes electrodes compatible with the EVOM, EVOMX, EVOM2, ERS, ERS2 (Millipore)

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REMS

REMS

REMS AutoSampler automates measurements of TEER epithelial or endothelial monolayers...

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STX HTS EVOM™ Electrode for TEER

STX HTS EVOM™ Electrode for TEER

For high throughput screening (HTS) in cell culture filter plates

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Permacell Multi-well Plates

Permacell Multi-well Plates

96-WELL PLATES CURRENTLY IN STOCK 

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Permacell Multi-well Plates - Clear

Permacell Multi-well Plates - Clear

96-WELL PLATES

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Choose Quantity
EVA-MT-03-01

EVA-MT-03-01

EVOM Auto For TEER Measurement in 96 HTS Plate

System includes:

  • EVOM™ Auto (TEER Measurement System includes the Autosampler
  • HTS Electrode Array for 96 HTS Plates
  • Interface Unit and Cable
  • Control iPad with software


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EVA-MT-03-02

EVA-MT-03-02

EVOM Auto For TEER Measurement in Corning 24 HTS Plates

System includes:

  • EVOM™ Auto (TEER Measurement System includes the Autosampler
  • HTS Electrode Array for Corning 24 HTS Plates
  • Interface Unit and Cable
  • Control iPad with software


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EVA-MT-03-03

EVA-MT-03-03

EVOM Auto For TEER Measurement in Millipore 24 HTS Plates

System includes:

  • EVOM™ Auto (TEER Measurement System includes the Autosampler
  • HTS Electrode Array for Millipore 24 HTS Plates
  • Interface Unit and Cable
  • Control iPad with software

EVM-MT-03-01

EVM-MT-03-01

EVOM™ Manual Epithelial Volt Ohm Meter for TEER Measurement

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EVOM2

EVOM2

Trans Epithelial electric resistance (TEER) Measurements

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EVM-MT-TRADEIN

EVM-MT-TRADEIN

Teer Meter Upgrade To EVOM™ Manual

  • Trade In – Upgrade – Save
  • Get great value for your current TEER meter and upgrade to EVOM™ Manual
  • Eligible meters include the EVOM, EVOM2, EVOMX, EVOM3, Millipore Millicell ERS, and Millipore Millicell ERS-2


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EVOM3

EVOM3

DISCONTINUED - EVOM3 Trans Epithelial Electrical Resistance (TEER) meters.

Our Clients Include:

GlaxoSmithKline
University College London
Novartis
Imperial College
University of Cambridge
University of Oxford

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